The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord. 16:33 NIV
Pur, originally a Babylonian word meaning “lot” or “fate” is used in the Book of Esther as a synonym for the normal Hebrew word for “lot.” Lot casting, similar to rolling dice, was a common way to make a random selection (Neh. 11:1) or to discern the will of a god (Jon. 1:7). Believing that his gods controlled the fall of the pur, Haman cast lots to determine the right day to destroy the Jews (Esther 3:7). What he failed to realize was that God is sovereign and cannot be manipulated by superstition (See Prov. 16:33). By casting lots, Haman inadvertently chose the day of the Jews’ deliverance – a day that is still celebrated in the Festival of Purim.