Hebrews 1: God’s Final Word: His Son

But in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom also he made the universe. Hebrews 1:2

I.  Jesus, the Living Word, Chapters 1-4

Jesus is the ultimate expression of God’s Word, for he is himself God.

[Dedication of my dissertation — To Jesus Christ, my Lord, the author and creator of everything in this world.

Acknowledgement — Jesus Christ, my Lord, for creating human mind in such a wonderful way, according to his own image, and for allowing me a glimpse into the wonders of the human mind.]

Chapter 1. Superior to Angels

The Revealer of the New; 1:1-4.  

1 In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom also he made the universe. 3 The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven. 4 So he became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs.

The OT revelation came in to a progressive and fragmentary way.  But now a final, authoritative message has been given, which draws the whole of God’s purposes together, and has in fact been spoken to us by the Son of God.  The phrase “in these last days,” is a rabbinic expression meaning the age of the Messiah, who is now revealed to be Jesus, the Son of God.  It is a strong affirmation here of the full deity of Jesus.  It is he who is carrying the ages along toward God’s intended end, and who has provided purification for us from sins.

Much superior to angels — mentioned 13 times.

Testimony of the OT; 1:5-14. 

5 For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father” ? Or again, “I will be his Father, and he will be my Son” ?

6 And again, when God brings his firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all God’s angels worship him.”

7 In speaking of the angels he says, “He makes his angels spirits, and his servants flames of fire.”

8 But about the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom.

9 You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy.”

10 He also says, “In the beginning, Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands.

11 They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment.

12 You will roll them up like a robe; like a garment they will be changed. But you remain the same, and your years will never end.”

13 To which of the angels did God ever say, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet” ?

14 Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation?

A series of quotes from the OT now demonstrate that it too recognizes the superiority of the Son to the supernatural messengers the Jews so deeply respected.  How eager then we should be to hear this person who is the Son, and how quick to heed his final, authoritative word.

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