15 To the pure, all things are pure, but to those who are corrupted and do not believe, nothing is pure. In fact, both their minds and consciences are corrupted. 16 They claim to know God, but by their actions they deny him. They are detestable, disobedient and unfit for doing anything good.

1:1-4  Greeting

1 Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ to further the faith of God’s elect and their knowledge of the truth that leads to godliness— 2 in the hope of eternal life, which God, who does not lie, promised before the beginning of time, 3 and which now at his appointed season he has brought to light through the preaching entrusted to me by the command of God our Savior,

4 To Titus, my true son in our common faith: Grace and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Savior.

Mission to Crete

The Ordination of Elders; 1:5-9

5 The reason I left you in Crete was that you might put in order what was left unfinished and appoint elders in every town, as I directed you. 6 An elder must be blameless, faithful to his wife, a man whose children believe and are not open to the charge of being wild and disobedient. 7 Since an overseer manages God’s household, he must be blameless—not overbearing, not quick-tempered, not given to drunkenness, not violent, not pursuing dishonest gain. 8 Rather, he must be hospitable, one who loves what is good, who is self-controlled, upright, holy and disciplined. 9 He must hold firmly to the trustworthy message as it has been taught, so that he can encourage others by sound doctrine and refute those who oppose it.

–> Paul carefully defines, the traits which indicate spiritual maturity.  elder is entrusted with God’s word.  There word here is “manager,” but manger in a distinctive NT sense and not in the modern corporate sense.  The “manager”then was a household servant, responsible for care of his owner’s estate.  To manage well, the Christian leader must operate in harmony with principles of leadership laid down by God in Scripture.  He/she must have complete self-mastery so that his will is in submission God’s will (self-controlled) and in short be an upright, holy, and disciplined person.  Life and teaching must correspond.

The Opposition; 1:10-16

10 For there are many rebellious people, full of meaningless talk and deception, especially those of the circumcision group. 11 They must be silenced, because they are disrupting whole households by teaching things they ought not to teach—and that for the sake of dishonest gain. 12 One of Crete’s own prophets has said it: “Cretans are always liars, evil brutes, lazy gluttons.” 13 This saying is true. Therefore rebuke them sharply, so that they will be sound in the faith 14 and will pay no attention to Jewish myths or to the merely human commands of those who reject the truth. 15 To the pure, all things are pure, but to those who are corrupted and do not believe, nothing is pure. In fact, both their minds and consciences are corrupted. 16 They claim to know God, but by their actions they deny him. They are detestable, disobedient and unfit for doing anything good.

Many who are rebellious are ruining whole households by their false teaching.  Households is probably a reference to the house churches in which the early church invariably met.  Not only is the content of the teaching false, but the character and motivation of the false teachers is depraved, the opposite of the character of the Christian elder.

Paul looks at the culture and sees both their minds and consciences as corrupt.  “Mind” here speaks of their whole outlook on life, while “conscience” refers to the capacity for moral discrimination.  양심 –> 도덕적 분별력

 

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